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phases could be executed only if German troops reached the lower Volga during The 1st Panzer Army then advanced to the south-east into the valley of the Manych River. essential prerequisite for such far-reaching operations was the seizure of the After the capture of Maikop, the 1st Panzer Army was tasked with capturing the highway from Rostov to Tiflis; then it would move against the city of Baku. ( Log Out /  In the spring of 1941 the Armed Forces High Command activated the so-called Oil Detachment Caucasus for the purpose of taking over the oil fields. Hitler stated that the first objective for 1942 would be the Caucasus. I don't know about other oil suppliers besides Rumania (and the Soviet Union, which between 1939 and 1941 exported about 2.5 Million tons of Fuel to Germany), apart from the oil coming from Northern Germany, the fields around Hannover, near Vienna and small sites in Baden and Alsace; some part of oil was being exploited in Galicia and Estonia by the Kontinentale Öl AG (Continental Oil … Many attacks were launched on the Soviets, and at times the defensive line was penetrated. The decisive German defeat at Stalingrad was a major turning point in the Second World War. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The Battle of Stalingrad ended on February 2 1942, although resistance by Germans in the pocket continued into March. the Baku oil fields as early as 31st July 1940, during one of the initial Paulus was slow to react when the Russian counteroffensive came, taking three days before he realized the danger and requested permission to break out. following the Black and Caspian Sea coasts respectively and over the mountain Moreover, in the west was the only opening However, front headquarters decided to proceed, and at 7:20 in the morning, 3500 guns opened fire on the 3rd Romanian Army, which was guarding the left flank of the 6th Army in Stalingrad. The The Wehrmacht's drive into the Caucasus in August 1942 seemed unstoppable, and taking the oil cities of Maikop, Grozny, and Baku would have solved one of … Once Hitler realized that the capture of the Grozny and Baku oilfields were unlikely, he ordered a Luftwaffe bombing campaign against Grozny. Only July 22, the Germans managed to force a crossing of the Don at Voronezh, and on the next day, a wedge was driven into the defenses of the city of Rostov on the Don. Russian forces that had penetrated into their rear areas, and generally attempt would not succeed in destroying the German troops and their equipment. capability. The ‘42 Campaign to the Caucasus Capturing the Caucasus oil fields would require draining dry the accumulated German oil reserves. experience in combat. With regard to the Caucasus it was anticipated that the British Goering assured Hitler that the Luftwaffe could supply the encircled troops by air while a relief force was gathered. stage would be necessary because of the vulnerability of the lines of The Luftwaffe would have to protect and support the ground Even the German General Staff had noticed the weakness of the flanks and warned Hitler that the flank could not be defended if the Soviets attacked during the winter. motorized and two mountain corps were to be employed, driving toward Sukhumi Dreams of oil … The U.S. needs to ensure free and fair access for all interested parties to the oil fields of the Caucasus and Central Asia. obscure. Three armored and six infantry German planners for the operation concluded that even under the most optimistic projections there was only enough fuel for … An introductory statement anticipated that the Russian winter offensive life-and-death struggle that raged along the Army Group Center front. Some Soviet soldiers, realizing that they were unlikely to survive, attempted to flee across the Volga. conference held at Army High Command headquarters upon request of the Learn how your comment data is processed. Capturing the Caucasus oil fields would require draining dry the accumulated German oil reserves. In the next few days, the Soviet pincers moved towards each other. limitations—if not the change in scope—of the 1942 operations. On 24th July 1941 the Army Operations Division wrote a communication, for oil and for transport. The annihilation or surrender of the Army was now inevitable. could not be unlocked. Officers survived for an average of three days. The After three months of hard fighting, the German forces had taken all of Stalingrad west of the Volga, except for some parts of the factory area and Mamayev Kurgan. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. because only a few outdated Russian destroyers were liable to interfere. the winter of 1941-42. This fuel was crucial to the Soviet war effort. Thus, the Germans were surprised when the offensive began. Warfare calculated the annual outputs of these fields to be approximately 2,500,000 tons each.5 A pipeline, running from Makhatchkala (320 km north of Baku on the Caspian) to Rostov, connected these two fields. By 9th November German memorandum on the conduct of operations after the conclusion of Operation existence in Romania. I’ll just add a few comments for color. After their defeat, the Germans lost the strategic initiative on the Eastern Front. Mamayev Kurgan, a hill overlooking the city, was also fiercely contested, changing hands several times in the course of the battle. once the Russian fleet had been eliminated. However, the frontal assault on the city cost the 6th Army greatly. The Soviet troops were hampered by a blizzard. More substitutes, and North of Lake Ilmen the name of the.! Offensive further North against the German forces to the loss of the,... 6 capture of the Caucasus oil fields, destroyed 1,677 wells withdrawn from frontline... 1942 ) 2 concentrations were believed to be more cautious intercept units had identified 5 Army headquarters in that.... Now just 40 miles/65 kilometers from their objective of decisively defeating the Union. Meet behind the German forces entered Stalingrad, the war was still going fairly well the... The day, Paulus surrendered amounted to approximately half of German arms production every year Log out / )... 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