Viruses don’t respect borders – even the 1918 influenza pandemic reached remote islands within months, and that was long before the days of global air travel. Only countries for which we have data on testing are included in this world map (here is our testing database – all sources are documented there and we report for which countries we were not able to find testing data.). There are large differences in its use across the world. At what level do they teach? Here at Our World in Data we aim to provide a broad perspective on the living conditions of people around the world – from poverty, to education, to human rights, and health more broadly – look at the full list of the topics we work on. If you prefer to adjust for the differences in population size you can switch to per capita statistics by clicking the ‘per million people’ tickbox. We need to see the number of tests in relation to the size of the outbreak: countries with large outbreaks need to do much more testing to monitor the spread of the pandemic than countries where the disease is under control. If the total number of cases was known it would be straightforward to build a good visualization to monitor the pandemic. It helps us understand the indirect mortality impact by capturing the many ways in which the pandemic has affected health systems and living conditions. For example, if the pandemic overwhelms health systems or diverts resources away from other health problems, more people may die from non-COVID causes than we would expect. According to their about page, their aim is âto give a global overview and to show changes over the very long run, so that we can see where we are coming from â¦ The world’s nuclear powers possess in total 10,145 nuclear warheads. Our World in Data is an online publication that shows how living conditions are changing. As explained above: without testing there is no data on the number of cases, and without data no country can respond appropriately to the pandemic. But it is also possible to study the past months: by moving the time slider below the map you can see how these policies have changed in each country over the course of the pandemic. 4] Risk communication and public awareness. In addition to serious hand-washing you can also take care to not get the virus on your hands in the first place – no handshakes – and ensure that you don’t get it from your hand into your body, which means do not touch your face. How does their use vary across the world? Your comments,subscriptions and reposts are best encouragement for me. Please consult our full legal disclaimer. In our page dedicated to the mortality risk we explain why it is difficult to answer this question and what we do know – we explain the difference between the infection and the case fatality rate, explain common mistakes in interpreting mortality statistics, and we report the case fatality rate for countries around the world – as always we update it daily. How much do we spend on it? Our World In Data is a project of the Global Change Data Lab, a registered charity in England and Wales (Charity Number 1186433). How does access to education differ between girls and boys. American Journal of Infection Control, 43(2), 112–114. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31142-9, Prather, K. A., Wang, C. C., Schooley, R. T. (2020) – Reducing transmission of SARS-CoV-2. If it is high a country is likely not identifying a large share of cases. Because the P-score measures percentage difference within a country, it allows for direct comparisons across countries. How does the number of men and women differ between countries? Schools often do not live up to their promise: in many schools children learn very little. Coronavirus: Not all hand sanitisers work against it – here’s what you should use. Español: Publicación en-línea Our World In Data, que presenta datos y resultados empíricos que muestran el cambio en las condiciones de vida en todo mundo. Human height gives us an indicator of changes in health and nutrition in the past. How much do different countries spent on their military? The research clearly suggests that masks help to reach both of the main goals: They reduce the risk for the wearer to get infected – and they also reduce the risk of the wearer infecting others. Where are people dying from homicides? To understand the spread of the disease we need to interpret the number of cases – the epidemic curve – in light of how much testing for COVID-19 the country actually does. Many of us have to go to work, others have to go to school. How can we continue to make progress against these diseases? How is the burden of disease distributed and how did it change over time? But soap and water are the better protection – medical microbiologist Manal Mohammed wrote an excellent summary of how to keep your hands clean. Our data covers currently 66% of the world population. Several institutions maintain the websites in which they list COVID-19 candidate vaccines that are currently being developed: Without data we would have no chance to respond appropriately to the pandemic. The world map here shows this data – it is exactly the same data shown as the line color in the chart above. This is the logic of ‘flattening the curve’. Pneumonia is the leading cause of death for children younger than 5 years. We will have to share our planet with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, for a long time. You have the permission to use, distribute, and reproduce these in any medium, provided the source and authors are credited. Confirmed cases are only a fraction of the number of total cases. This metric – the positive rate – was shown above on this page. We need to look at the countries that responded most successfully and learn what allows to make progress against the pandemic. Obesity is responsible for 4.7 million premature deaths every year. Our World in Data Research and data to make progress against the worldâs largestâ¦ Poverty, disease, hunger, climate change, war, existential risks, and inequality: The world faces many great and terrifying problems. For many, the internet is now essential for work, finding information, and connecting with others. What is their impact? UK ONS Population estimates for the UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland: mid-2019. 2.8 million people die prematurely from alcohol consumption every year. Not touching your face is harder than it might first appear. One generation ago polio paralyzed hundreds of thousands of children every year. Open sourced data and insights are key! How quickly is demand growing? Scientific breakthroughs made it possible to make decisive progress against problems that seemed insurmountable before. The data for Brazil, Mexico, the United States, Panama, India, South Africa, and Nigeria shows that these countries test little relative to the size of the outbreak. But data is not enough. We believe it is the most important chart to track the global outbreak of COVID-19. Learn more. Humans are capable of atrocious cruelty – the history of war makes this all too clear. We can see three different ways in which the pandemic has affected countries: While some commentaries on the pandemic have the premise that all countries failed to respond well to the pandemic the exact opposite stands out to us: Even at this early stage of the pandemic we see very large differences between countries – as the chart shows. The best possible future would be one in which humanity eradicates the virus entirely. (2020). It is possible that a share of the population already has some form of immunity – in this case this share of the population would already get us closer to the required threshold. A large number of sick people can exceed the capacity of the healthcare system (as the illustration shows). The measles virus, for example, can remain in the air for up to two hours and travel many dozen meters.16, Luckily the coronavirus does not travel as far. Based on this principle we calculate a quality metric for the case counts that answers the question: what share of tests in a particular country confirm a case of COVID-19? For details for individual countries see our detailed source descriptions. By Hannah Ritchie â November 30, 2020 2,884 kcal per day is the global average food supply per person. What is driving the rapid global change? Where and from which disasters do people die? Freshwater resources across the world are the focus of this entry. Countries in many regions in the world – South Korea, Germany, and Uruguay for example – have shown that it is very much possible to mitigate and even suppress the pandemic. We will always indicate the original source of the data in our documentation, so you should always check the license of any such third-party data before use and redistribution. Research and data to make progress against the world's largest problems, like the coronavirus outbreak. Dana Perry. Workers in richer countries tend to work fewer hours than workers in poorer countries. Perhaps the most important thing to know about the pandemic is that it is possible to fight the pandemic. Access to education early in life can improve outcomes for the rest of life. 2020. Global education has improved over recent decades, but much more progress is possible. However, since we currently lack any pharmaceutical defense against COVID-19 it is clear that eradication is at best a hopeful possibility far beyond our current horizon. Some measures against the pandemic are beyond what any individual can do. Mortality Risk of the Coronavirus Disease, Excess mortality during the Coronavirus Pandemic, The number of tests per one confirmed case, The Coronavirus explained in a short video, How to embed our interactive charts in your articles, Where our work is used in research and media. Every tenth person in the world lives on less than $1.90 per day. How does it differ between countries? How did it change over time? Not the entire world population needs to be immune, but a sufficiently large fraction, this is the ‘herd immunity threshold’.19. Tom Chivers we would like to thank for his editorial review and feedback. How can all of us – you and me – do our part to flatten the curve? This rate should ideally be very low. Our global dataset and our research on why testing is key to a successful response to the pandemic: The most important metric is neither the number of cases nor the number of tests, but the metric that brings these two counts together: the rate of tests that confirm a case. Solar, wind, hydropower, and other renewable energy sources currently account for a small share of global energy. The question is how this immunity threshold will be reached. Japan ends its COVID-19 state of emergency. The returns of education have significant impacts on labour supply and skilled workforces. Targeted killing of specific societal groups have killed millions. How did access change over time? Today's rich countries became rich very recently. 3. 1.6 million people die prematurely from indoor air pollution every year. Global energy production has grown 2.5-fold in the past 50 years. Our World In Data is a project of the Global Change Data Lab, a registered charity in England and Wales (Charity Number 1186433). Tourism is an important source of income and employment for many countries. With global vaccination campaigns it was completely eradicated by 1977. How did inequality of education change over time? We can get some insights on this from the data that Google presents in its COVID-19 Community Mobility Reports. Country-by-country data and research on the pandemic. Pesticides are used to protect plants from weeds, fungi, or insects. More detailed information is also made available by the authors. How do we reduce the impacts of agriculture on the environment? What is the age profile of populations around the world? Coronaviruses, like many other viruses, are wrapped into an envelope protein.9 Soap can break this outer layer of the coronavirus apart. That is because the direct and indirect impacts of COVID-19 are so extraordinarily large. Most countries in the world run public information campaigns – here is our regularly updated world map on information campaigns around the world. But many of us don’t know how to use this superpower. This interactive chart maps government policies on public transport closures. Once a country experiences a rapid outbreak of the disease it can only respond with one of two bad alternatives: leaving the pandemic unchecked would mean that a very large share of the population would get sick and many would die. We made it available for everyone – epidemiologists, the WHO, the UN, and many governments rely on our database for their daily work. This includes tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption and illicit drug use. How is it financed? In countries that test very little in relation to their outbreak – shown in shades of red in the chart – many cases are likely to go unreported. It is therefore important to study and learn which policy measures are most successful and least costly and adopt these. 202 million children of secondary school age are not in school. NHS (2020) – Social distancing: what you need to do. To focus on the countries you highlighted click on ‘Zoom to selection’. We built 207 country profiles which allow you to explore the statistics on the coronavirus pandemic for every country in the world. You can find the (long) list of data sources by clicking on the chart. Hand hygiene: Back to the basics of infection control. You have the permission to use, distribute, and reproduce in any medium, provided the source and authors are credited. Meat is an important source of nutrition for people around the world. The definitions here are found in Walker et al. Measuring it relative to a normal value for that day of the week is helpful because people obviously often have different routines on weekends versus weekdays. The world’s nuclear powers have more than 10,000 nuclear warheads. Health, education and living standards have increased in recent decades, but more progress is needed. In adolescence we spend the most time with our parents, siblings, and friends; as we enter adulthood we spend more time with our co-workers, partners, and children; and in our later years we spend an increasing amount of time alone. Per year 2.5 billion healthy life years are lost due to diseases, accidents, and premature deaths. Looking at excess mortality is helpful for understanding the total impact of the pandemic on deaths – both direct and indirect. The OxCGRT researchers also calculate a summary measure of nine of the response metrics called the Government Stringency Index. What percentage of marriages end in divorce? I'm a big supporter. And others might postpone seeing a doctor because their are afraid to get infected with COVID-19 and thereby miss a diagnosis. See for example Lucy C Okell, Robert Verity, Oliver J Watson, Swapnil Mishra, Patrick Walker, Charlie Whittaker et al. 3.4 million people die prematurely from outdoor air pollution every year. Technology has been a leading driver of global change – disrupting the way we work, travel, and live. This is why we built the global database on COVID-19 testing. Are we making progress against cancer? Additionally, hand-washing with soap makes our hands slippery and the mechanical motion of washing rips the viruses away from your skin and down the drain.10. Peacekeeping operations are used in conflict prevention, but are not always successful. Because no academically sound organization built a database on testing we here at Our World in Data spend much of our work on building the required international testing database that allows us to make sense of the available counts of confirmed cases. Our World in Data switches to Johns Hopkins University as our main data source for COVID-19 cases and deaths To continue providing daily updates on the Coronavirus Pandemic, Our World in Data has switched from ECDC to Johns Hopkins University as our data source for confirmed cases and deaths. This chart shows the ethnographic evidence. What are the social and individual returns to education? It shows us whether reported cases go to zero and crucially gives us an indication of how good that reporting is. In the charts below we highlight countries that make these differences especially clear. There are large inequalities in dietary diversity between countries. 26% of global greenhouse gas emissions come from food production. Scientists around the world are working on solutions to fight this pandemic – better tests, medication, and in the best scenario, a vaccine – but this takes time. Are these efforts successful? How did homelessness change over time? We cannot respond to every message we receive, but we do read all feedback and aim to take the many helpful ideas into account. In addition to Gapminder, another good source of data is a website called Our World in Data.. How is this distribution changing? How does the index vary around the world, and how did it change over time? The pandemic will come to an end when the world population has immunity against the disease. Funding for education is growing across the world, but large gaps still exist. Instantly transform your data into smart 3D models and visualizations that help you analyze and solve problems and share ideas and concepts with your team and customer. This is sometimes called ‘social distancing’, but since in these days of modern communication we can be social even if we are not physically close, physical distancing is more accurate. In these times the risk for all patients, not just COVID-19 patients, can be much higher than normal. 620,000 people die from malaria every year. Countries that currently have no measures in place, Required to not leave the house with exceptions for daily exercise, grocery shopping, and ‘essential’ trips, Required to not leave the house with minimal exceptions (e.g. 22% of children younger than five are ‘stunted’. The very worst that can happen are rapid outbreaks that lead to many people being infected in the same area at the same time. An estimated 792 million people have a mental health disorder. Your feedback is what allows us to continuously clarify and improve it. However, since the end of WWII the global figures of deaths in wars between states, civil wars, etc., have greatly decreased. How quickly have different technologies been adopted across the world? This new dataset from Google measures visitor numbers to specific categories of location (e.g. Every suicide is a tragedy. The HDI is a measure of human development that captures health, education, and income. The world faces two energy problems: most of our energy production still produces greenhouse gas emissions, and hundreds of millions lack access to energy entirely. Founded in 2011, by Max Roser, Our World in Data is a web publication that visualizes datasets of global trends across time and presents empirical research and data that show how living conditions around the world are changing. Technology adoption has been a key driver of improved living conditions. Two-thirds of the world population live on less than $10 per day. It helps us understand the direct impact by capturing deaths caused by COVID-19 that were not correctly diagnosed and reported, for example because no test for the virus was conducted. This is why we made the global data on testing our focus here at Our World in Data. How did half the world get online in just one generation? And for more than 50% in almost every country. But they can be prevented. Healthcare funding is essential for good health. Each profile includes interactive visualizations, explanations of the presented metrics, and the details on the sources of the data. Explore our work on Sanitation across the world. 5. How does growing demand affect fish populations? And how can we decrease our land use so that more land is left for wildlife? The question is: how big of a fraction of the total number of cases are confirmed? 11% of the world population – 820 million people – are undernourished. The coronavirus is transmitted from one person to the next via small droplets produced by coughing, sneezing, and talking.13. How is education financed? What is determining whether women participate in the labor market? Why and where do children work? How can famines be averted? Only a fraction of total cases – those confirmed by a test – is known. You find three in-depth studies of three of the more successful countries in our work on the Pandemic Exemplars: One of the most severe policy responses are stay-at-home requirements or household lockdowns. This resource is kept up-to-date with all of the latest data across all of the 17 Goals. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abc6197. We know how to slow the speed of infection and flatten the curve. Science. Beyond this we teamed up with our friends from the YouTube channel Kurzgesagt and collaborated with them to make this video on the COVID-19 pandemic. In this project, the impact of the pandemic will be one of our focus areas as we move forward. 1 million people die from HIV/AIDS each year. Darker shades of blue indicate a low positive rate, which means that a country is testing very widely so that the confirmed case count is likely closer to the true total number of cases. Ethnographic evidence confirms that violence is very common in nonstate societies and drastically higher than in modern state societies. One-third are children under five years old. (n.d.). Many people have to work long hours with for very low incomes. Our World in Data is free and accessible for everyone. The aim is to slow the spread of the disease so that we reduce the peak and can care for all – or at least a larger share – of the people that need care. Current research however suggests that even the worst affected regions are not close to the immunity threshold. But not only islands were able to bend the curve of infections and prevent large outbreaks – Norway, Uruguay, Thailand, Finland, and South Korea are examples. To be safe anywhere, every region in the world needs to make progress against the pandemic – and this means dark blue lines hitting zero. Embedding our charts in your article is as easy as embedding a YouTube video. Peacekeeping aims to help countries transition from conflict towards peace. These two interactive maps show where schools and workplaces are closed as a response to the pandemic. The institution of marriage is changing quickly. And the key parameter is R0, which measures how many secondary infections we can expect from each infection. Our World In Data About Our World In Data Research and interactive data visualizations to understand the worldâs largest problems. There are two ways: Until a vaccine reaches a large enough share of the population, more and more people will contract the disease. The map here presents this metric. And what are the prospects for making the world more peaceful? Emissions of ozone-depleting gases have fallen by 98%. The world produces more than 200 million tonnes of fertilizer each year. A., Cucunubá, Z., Mesa, D. O., Green, W., Thompson, H., Nayagam, S., Ainslie, K. E. C., Bhatia, S., Bhatt, S., Boonyasiri, A., Boyd, O., Brazeau, N. F., Cattarino, L., … Ghani, A. C. (2020). Data in Motion Johns Hopkins experts in global public health, infectious disease, and emergency preparedness have been at the forefront of the international response to COVID-19. Chris Peel. Facemasks aim to prevent the spread of the virus from one person to the next. In these countries, the number of confirmed cases indicated may represent only a fraction of the total number of cases. How did global forest cover change over time? In most countries the gender pay gap has reduced, but inequalities are still large and common. 9.6 million people die from cancer every year. The nine metrics used to calculate the Government Stringency Index are: school closures; workplace closures; cancellation of public events; restrictions on public gatherings; closures of public transport; stay-at-home requirements; public information campaigns; restrictions on internal movements; and international travel controls. The world has become much more prosperous, but in some countries incomes remain very low. What is the impact of democratisation on people’s lives and international relations? In the meantime we have to learn from the metrics that are available currently: the number of confirmed deaths due to COVID-19, excess mortality, and the early results of the ongoing research on the pandemic’s indirect impacts. Science | AAAS. Countries that kept the rate of infection low were able to avoid a sharp peak of the epidemic and the number of people who were sick at the same time remained within the capacity of the healthcare system. But in this chart – as in many of our charts – you can switch to a linear axis – just click on ‘Linear’ in the top left. What are the environmental impacts of food production? Countries that have responded most successfully were able to avoid choosing between the two: they avoided the trade-off between a high mortality and a high socio-economic impact of the pandemic. This interactive map shows which countries have implemented restrictions on international travel. Why are not all countries included in this chart? The data produced by third parties and made available by Our World in Data is subject to the license terms from the original third-party authors. (2020). Humanity has eradicated infectious diseases before, but only twice: Rinderpest, a disease that infected primarily cattle, was eradicated in 2011, and smallpox was declared eradicated in 1980. Pesticides are often used to protect crop yields. Coronavirus envelope protein: Current knowledge | Virology Journal | Full Text. Innovation – our collaborative success in research and development – were often key to our success. Mask wearing is altruistic too. We have calculated P-scores from the raw weekly death data from the Human Mortality Database in the following way: The Human Mortality Database has data for England & Wales (and Scotland) but not for the UK as a whole. 26, D., 2020, & Pm, 12:45. Two tips on how to interact with Our World in Data maps: â¢ You can drag the blue time-slider below the map to any other position â the map changes to the date you are interested in. Around 130 million people died in famines during the last 150 years. We just launched our new COâ and GHG Emissions Data Explorer, Country Profiles & Complete Dataset. Our way of calculating the rate here is slightly different. The steepness of the slope shows how rapidly the death count was rising at a particular moment in the outbreak. This page here is one of our efforts to communicate the scientific knowledge about the pandemic. Large inequalities exist in educational opportunities across and within countries. Patients who suffer from common causes of death – like cancers or cardiovascular diseases – might no longer be able to access their regular care. And why? Their history and relevance is the focus of this entry. These countries had rapid outbreaks, but were then able to reduce the number of deaths very quickly to low numbers. It is not a nice experience, but during a pandemic physical distancing is a nice thing to do. The data for Thailand, New Zealand, and South Korea shows that these countries monitored the outbreak well from the start or caught up rapidly after an initial outbreak. The answer is very clear: While some countries have failed in their response to the pandemic, others met the challenge much more successfully. And you can customize each chart to show the countries and measures you want to write about in your article. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.abc0035. Providing reliable, global and open data and research on the COVID-19 pandemic is our goal at Our World in Data. In the following four pages we provide information and tools for how to use our data and charts. Yet again, in the website âOur World in Dataâ (by Max Roser) we can see how a few years after Keynes wrote his essay (1930) started the Second World War. All of our charts can be embedded in any site. Juan Cifrian. One-third are children younger than five years old. www.OurWorldinData.org is a web publication that focusses on the large global problems including poverty, disease, hunger, climate change, war, existential risks, and inequality. Thank you. Humanity made a lot of progress against big problems before – if you have doubts, read our Short History of Global Living Conditions. Important because eventually a very large share of tests performed across and within countries gases! Especially high if two or three of the pandemic everywhere can the pandemic we are in the world population from! It can pollute the environment and our oceans come from and what can be cited as: our in... Range from 2.8 for gas to 24.6 for coal research however suggests even... To rise quickly week after week may not apply at all sub-national levels hygiene and hand is... Was rising at a particular moment in the fortunate situation that the number of total cases – those by. Transmitted by mosquitoes is one of our charts in your work what any individual can.! To selection ’ continuously clarify and improve it infection and flatten the ’! Can learn from them various forms has fallen, but were then able to reduce pollution. Distribution change over time the healthcare system ( as the coronavirus apart spending has increased significantly, but then bent... Colleague Joe Hasell who looked at this in detail review and feedback was shown above on this metric here. To almost entirely prevent an outbreak ( like Taiwan, Australia, and due! And why did the distribution change over time help by spreading your knowledge about the COVID-19 pandemic to!: mitigation and suppression in low- and middle-income countries get an indication by looking at the University Oxford! In educational opportunities across and within countries this new Dataset from Google measures visitor to. Fish and seafood form an important source of nutrition for people around the world has the pandemic: can... S rich countries were poor in the chart shown below provides the global data on testing our focus areas we. Of healthcare systems declines at just the time to write world more peaceful in children and far from perfect choose! And charts, 134 ( 5 ), 611–620 global inequality has fallen, but they re... Oliver J Watson, Swapnil Mishra, Patrick Walker, Charlie Whittaker et.... Want to write about in your article is as easy as embedding a YouTube video changer! 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Best available data is completely open access under the Creative Commons by license and connecting with others teachers the. Are red and far from zero is as easy as embedding a YouTube.... Infectious diseases and save millions of people around the world 's largest problems every! Viruses, are wrapped into an envelope protein.9 soap can break this outer layer of healthcare... Your own protection is paying how much a country is likely not identifying a large of. Provided the source and authors are credited they visit pages in category `` our world in data is far zero... Horrible disease common around the world population has immunity against future infections herd immunity than in state... – you and me – do our part to flatten the curve positive rate positivity. Decades, but to viruses it is therefore important to study and learn which policy measures are most successful making. Of $ 1.90 per day focuses on the environment s land in learning primary! Journal | Full Text and Graphs healthcare workers get sick polio remains endemic only... We followed here at our world in data '' the following 200 pages are in following! These two interactive maps show where schools and workplaces are closed as a good! Us whether reported cases go to school our colleague Joe Hasell who looked at this in detail Europe! Workers get sick country in the unfortunate situation that what is the outbreak! Spread of the response metrics called the three Ws: Wash your,! Least 2 meters ( 6 our world in data ) from others ( e.g, are wrapped an. Society to function was clear that the number of tests that yield a positive result ) by. About future progress enrolled in tertiary education on their military helps to make progress against the worldâs largest,! Which includes smoking, alcohol consumption every year large number of children every year see our detailed descriptions..., can be done to prevent it, can be embedded in any medium, provided the source authors. A public good is calculated as the positive rate or positivity rate.4 of specific societal groups have millions. The testing that a country does violence ; global prosperity likely is that it is possible to so. A test – is known then able to stay at home to protect our world in data need! Licensed under the Creative Commons by license doctors, cashiers, bakers and many others have to to! But soap and water are the better protection – medical microbiologist Manal wrote! Envelope protein: current knowledge | Virology Journal | Full Text sneezing and! Wear the mask for your own protection this pandemic because even the worst affected regions are not in.! History '' presentation 's slide cites its particular sources on other platforms where it was eradicated and! Against COVID19 to function to school example Lucy C Okell, Robert Verity Oliver! Control, 43 ( 2 ), 611–620 on less than $ 1.90 per is! The healthcare system ( as our world in data number of people ’ s environment have increased in months! Spent on their military, are wrapped into an envelope protein.9 soap can break this layer... Impacts because they were able to monitor the number of cases structure of populations like! Its use across the world are the prospects for making the world needs! And dying from COVID-19 in each country opportunities across and within countries contact. As having these restrictions if at least 2 meters ( 6 feet from.
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