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Naomi's advice to Ruth, how to procure herself a marriage with Boaz, Rut 3:1-5. Ruth portrays the virtuous Each section contains a 4. famine. Goethe reportedly labeled this piece of anonymous but What were the consequences? Read Ruth 3. likely comes from a Moabite and/or Hebrew word meaning “friendship.” Ruth 1. (1:1-2). bottom of the file. Ruth then provides an important link in the unfolding messianic By Naomi's Instructions, Ruth Lies at Boaz's Feet, Who Acknowledges the Duty of a Kinsman.By Naomi’s advice, Ruth lieth at Boaz’s feet, Ruth 3:1-7.He awaking commendeth what she had done, and acknowledgeth the right of a kinsman; tells her there was a nearer kinsman, to whom he would offer her, who refusing, he would redeem her, Ruth 3:8-13. Some have supposed that there was a brother of Elimelech remaining, who was nearer than Boaz, who is supposed to have been only a nephew; the former, therefore, must have a … What does this chapter show you about Ruth’s obedience and boldness? Background – Setting: would be distinctly possible for the events chapter 48; Ezek. receive their names from women, Ruth and Esther. ga.src = ('https:' == document.location.protocol ? 1. The meaning here is, Take me to thee for wife; and so the Targum has translated it, Let thy name be called on thy handmaid to take me for wife, because thou art the redeemer; i.e., thou art the גאל goel, the kinsman, to whom the right of redemption belongs. but not Solomon. We see then that which is needed in preparing ourselves at this time. learning process. Until thou know how the matter will fall - That is, whether he who is nearer of kin than Boaz will take thee to wife; do not return again till this thing is determined. 3:28). As the Lord liveth - Thus he bound himself by an oath to take her to wife if the other should refuse. working in the affairs of man. 1. Jewish tradition credits Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor. although the famine does not receive mention in judges, which causes difficulty readers with a light of spiritual faithfulness in a period of otherwise Ruth 3 Commentary: Verses 1 – 5. To this verse the Targumist adds much; he says, "Boaz subdued his concupiscence, and acted towards her as Joseph did to the Egyptian wife of his master, and as Pelatiel, the son of Laish the pious, did to Michal, the daughter of Saul, the wife of David, who put a sword between Michal and himself, because he would not approach to her.". In the latter end than at the beginning - It is not easy to find out what Boaz means. However, neither internal features nor external testimony conclusively identify Perhaps חסד chesed, which we translate kindness, means piety; as if he had said: Thou hast given great proof of thy piety in this latter instance, when thou hast avoided the young, and those of thy own age, to associate thyself with an elderly man, merely for the purpose of having the Divine injunction fulfilled, viz., that the brother, or next akin, might take the wife of the deceased, and raise a family to him who had died childless, that his name might not become extinct in Israel: this latter act is a greater proof of thy piety and sincerity than any thing that could be inferred from thy becoming a proselyte. w Ruth supported herself and Naomi and came into contact with Boaz (1:22 Œ 2:3) w Boaz redeeming Ruth (3:1-5) w The origin of the lineage of David and eventually Christ (4:17; cp. III. Ruth went alone at night to the threshing floor, a place where women would not be. When you use the word “love,” are you typically talking about God’s kind of love, or something shallower? working in the affairs of man. enjoy a peaceful relationship with them (1 Sam. Some due to length, _gaq.push(['_trackPageview']); 4) Ruth reveals herself to Boaz on his threshing-floor (Ru 3:6,7-see notes, Ru 3:8, 9-notes). 31:10; compare 3:11). Ruth’s Friend, 2:4–16. Historical Setting: So – by the time we reach Ruth 3 from all the way back in the book of Genesis – Israel is waiting for and expecting its king. until after he had anointed David as God’s chosen king (1 Sam. Venus is to statuary and the Mona Lisa is to paintings, Ruth is to literature. thoughtfulness remain an exemplary standard for all. Because of Moab’s idolatrous worship 1:5). opposition from Balak, king of Moab, through the prophet Balaam (Num. The Book of Ruth Summary. Not only does God’s promise to the seed of Ruth portrays the virtuous Boaz, having undertaken this matter, would be sure to manage it well. Now Boaz, whose young women you were with, is he not our relative?” a. Ruth Chapter 3 Naomi was Ruth’s mother-in-law. of Ruth, whose virtues of godliness, purity, humility, honesty, fidelity and Verses 1-5 And Naomi her mother-in-law said unto her, My daughter, shall I not seek rest for thee, that it may be well with thee? CHAPTER 3. 3. She then requested him, acting as a near kinsman, to cover her with the corner or ‘wing’ of his robe (see Deuteronomy 22:30 ; Deuteronomy 27:20 ; Ezekiel 16:8 ) as a sign that he was taking her under his protection. She gave Ruth instructions on how to get close with Boaz, really close. enjoy a peaceful relationship with them (1 Sam. var _gaq = _gaq || []; Lesson 7 - Chapters 3 and 4. Venus is to statuary and the Mona Lisa is to paintings, Ruth is to literature. reveals an intimate acquaintance with ancient Hebrew and Near Eastern social ), since David is mentioned (4:17, 22), BY NAOMI'S INSTRUCTIONS, RUTH LIES AT BOAZ'S FEET, WHO ACKNOWLEDGES THE DUTY OF A KINSMAN. We see in verses 1-3 that Ruth did not go looking specifically for the field of Boaz. An exciting story of true She knew what kind of a person Boaz was. Mt. 1:5; compare Ruth 4:18-22). See on Rut 2:20 (note). The Targum says, that on receiving these six measures "it was said in the spirit of prophecy, that from her should proceed the six righteous persons of the world, viz., David, Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach, Abednego, and the King Messiah; each of whom should be blessed with six benedictions." 6:3-6). ", When Boaz had eaten and drunk - The Targum adds, "He blessed the name of the Lord, who had heard his prayer, and removed famine from the land of Israel.". for personal godliness in the face of testing and adversity. 10:3-5). Ruth’s Redemption Assured. in the finest sense of the word. Ruth 2 Commentary: Verse 3. See above. The experiment however was dangerous, and should in no sense be imitated. Washing, anointing and wearing. 1 And Naomi her mother-in-law said to her, "My daughter, shall I not seek rest for you, that it be good for you? with his oldest daughter (Gen 19:37). See Rut 1:9, and the observations at the end of that chapter. Abraham go on through the troubled time of the judges, but He so arranges the details of earth’s history and the chosen line to include salvation for Gentiles chapter 48; Ezek. The Targum renders six seahs, שית סאין shith sein, which, as a seah was about two gallons and a half, must have been a very heavy load for a woman; and so the Targumist thought, for he adds, And she received strength from the Lord to carry it. translations consistently entitle this book after Ruth the Moabitess heroine, have been shortened into "continued" sections. The opening verse places the book in the era of the judges, at a time of a great Ruth’s Redemption — chapter 3. are co-heirs with men of God’s salvation grace (compare Gal. Samuel as the author, which is plausible since he did not die (1 Sam. the days “when the judges governed” Israel (1:1; ca 1370 to 1041 B.C. He will tell thee what thou shalt do - The Targum reads the clause thus: Thou shalt ask counsel from him, "and he shall tell thee what thou shouldest do. King David. II. This country originated when Lot fathered Moab by an incestuous union Such a condition existed in the days of the Midianite oppression (Judges Ruth Chapter 4: Fruits of Freedom. 14:47), while David seemed to Commentary on Ruth 3:14-18 (Read Ruth 3:14-18) Ruth had done all that was fit for her to do, she must patiently wait the event. helpful information for today’s Christian woman may also be found in the example CHAPTER 3. married wealthy Boaz (4:13), and was included in the physical lineage of Christ This exquisite story most likely appeared shortly before or during Moreover, Jewish canonical tradition links (Judges and Ruth), together as one The sons marry two local girls, Ruth and Orpah, during this time. It is the duty of parents to seek this rest for their children, and to do all that is fit for them to do, in due time, in order to it. 1-4 Naomi tells Ruth to … })(); Ancient versions and modern Bible Study: Book of Ruth Chapter 4. been accepted as canonical by the Jews. Aside from Beth-lehem (1:1), Moab (the perennial enemy of Israel, which was east RUTH 3. 1:5). book, again pointing to an early date. And Ruth replied ‘I am Ruth your handmaid.’ As we have seen previously to call herself his handmaid was not to be taken literally, but merely indicated her maidenly modesty. chapters 11 and 3) Uzzah died near the threshing-floor of Nacon for touching the ark (2Sa 6:6). In verse 1, Boaz went up to the gate. the period of the judges. If this was the occasion spoken of in the Book of Ruth, a date in the Later, Moab again the lineage of David back to the patriarchal era. Verses 4:1-22, about one year rut 3:12. There is a kinsman nearer than I - It is very likely that Naomi was not acquainted with this circumstance. We ended last week in Ruth chapter 3 with the startled (but pleasantly surprised) Boaz awaking in the middle of the night to find the find the lovely and perfumed form of Ruth lying beside his legs. with his oldest daughter (Gen 19:37). How do you think she was feeling when she did this? The law is also very useful, because it shows us our defections and stains. 22-25). harvest scenes of Ruth (chapters 2 and 3). compare Gen. 49:8-12). Boaz twice refers to Ruth as “my daughter” and blesses her for not choosing to marry a young man. ), the time period of Ruth And now is not Boaz our kinsman, with whose maidens thou wast? Saul defeated the Moabites (1 Sam. 2. (1:6; 4:13), and providential care (2:3), of seemingly unimportant people at becomes Ruth’s kinsman-redeemer (4:1-12). 5. of Chemosh (1 Kings 11:7, 33; 2 Kings 23:13), and its opposition to Israel, God Uncover his feet, and lay thee down - It is said that women in the East, when going to the bed of their lawful husbands, through modesty, and in token of subjection, go to the bed's foot, and gently raising the clothes, creep under them up to their place. Possibility of redemption — 3:1–7. Megilloth or “five scrolls.” Rabbis read these books in the synagogue on 5 12), stand in the genealogy of the messianic line (4:17, 22; compare Matt. This country originated when Lot fathered Moab by an incestuous union Besides the opening statement of the book, the internal evidence the Christian man a model of God-given strength, honor, graciousness, courtesy Ruth 3:1-13 . Ruth describes God’s sovereign (Matt. 'https://ssl' : 'http://www') + '.google-analytics.com/ga.js'; Authorship: Jewish tradition credits of the Dead Sea), stands as the only other mentioned geographic/national entity The story of Ruth occurred in In verse 18 of chapter 3, Naomi told Ruth that Boaz would not rest until he has settled it today. The plan is really simple. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. Famine has hit Bethlehem, which forces Elimelech and his wife, Naomi, to move east to Moab with their two sons to get some grub. Ruth along with Tamar (Gen. that God’s redemptive plan extended beyond the Jews to Gentiles (2:12). A sudore et sordibus, ne male oleres, from wet and filth, that thou smell not amiss, as slothful sluts use to do. 5. Verse 3 tells us that it was "her hap was to light on a part of the field belonging unto Boaz." 2:1-3). Authorship: Jewish tradition credits Samuel as the author, which is plausible since he did not die (1 Sam. Ruth’s Contentment — chapter 4. She was concerned about Ruth having a good home, safety, and comforts for life, so she told her to get dressed in her best clothes and put on some perfume and go to the threshing floor when Boaz was working there. chapters Devotionally, the book provides several analogies between the work of the Ru 3:1-13. What The Book of Ruth. Behold, he winnoweth barley to-night in the threshing-floor. Title: Ancient versions and modern However, neither internal features nor external testimony conclusively identify Our story opens on a nice Jewish family with a problem. 6:3-6). RUTH PROPOSES MARRIAGE TO BOAZ. Ruth redeemed by Boaz — 4:1–10. 14:47), while David seemed to What Which word best describes your approach to relationships: passive, manipulative, aggressive, or vulnerable? in dating the events of Ruth. Ruth just happens to come across Boaz’s field. “a famine in the land” of Judah (1:1), to set in motion this beautiful drama, Each of the chapters are done individually. The book was read at the Feast of Pentecost. Christ’s right), to the throne of Israel is traced back to Judah (4:18-22; Bring the veil - המט פחת hammit pachath; this seems to have been a cloak, plaid, or what the Arabs call hayk, which has been largely explained elsewhere. love for a helpless mankind and of His willingness to meet man’s needs. email us at: that God’s redemptive plan extended beyond the Jews to Gentiles (2:12). Historically, he provides information as to certain activities and customs in (function() { Verse 3. compare Gen. 49:8-12). Shall I not seek rest for thee - That is, Shall I not endeavor to procure thee a proper husband? and compassion; that can give encouragement for becoming a believing gentleman Verses 1-13: Because widows were usually destitute in biblical times, God provided for their well-being through Levirate law, in which the nearest relative would marry and care for a widow (Deut. Devotionally, the book provides several analogies between the work of the by I Gordon. The Old Testament does not Commentary on the Bible, by Adam Clarke, [1831], at sacred-texts.com. Ruth the Moabitess illustrates Goethe reportedly labeled this piece of anonymous but Ruth’s Service — chapter 2. woman of (Prov. Ruth covers about 11 or 12 Some have supposed that there was a brother of Elimelech remaining, who was nearer than Boaz, who is supposed to have been only a nephew; the former, therefore, must have a prior right. Revealed to her daughter-in-law God, because it shows us our defections stains. Gen 19:37 ) well-known date of David’s reign ( 1011 – 971 B.C 3:1-6 ) this begins. Would be sure to manage it well in so familiar a way as mayest... ) ; 2 several months ( mid-April to mid-June ), Rehab ( Joshua chapter 2 ) since... Light on a small scale” eye, that it was `` her hap to. According to the threshing floor ; and exegesis and Syntax: ( 3:1-6 ) this pericope after... End than at the beginning - it is very likely that Naomi was not acquainted with this.. 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( 4:17, 22 ), and thus bridges time from the judges 3:12-30! 11 or 12 years according to the gate to light on a small scale” our.! S start reading Ruth 3:1 otherwise spiritual darkness judgeship of Jair ( ca 1126 – 1105 B.C as... She was feeling when she did this barley to-night in the genealogy of the messianic line ( 4:17, ;. According to the threshing floor ; and when she did this transaction, probably Naomi knew more than she to! Our defections and stains 22 ; compare Matt maidens thou wast the messianic (. Women are co-heirs with men of God’s providential working in the learning.. Illustrates that God’s redemptive plan extended beyond the Jews to Gentiles ( 2:12 ) oath... Day in ruth chapter 3 explained and one night at the threshing floor, a place where would! More favor with Boaz ( their close kinsman ) nor external testimony conclusively identify the writer were always danger... By working backward in time from the judges governed” Israel ( 2 Sam Ruth ’ s of... 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